| Categories genes  | Tags chloroplast  temperature  development  cell death  chloroplast development  chlorophyll content  reactive oxygen species  PCD  lesion 
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  • Key message
    • The ell1 mutant exhibited decreased chlorophyll contents, serious chloroplast degradation, up-regulated expression of chloroplast degradation-related genes, and attenuated photosynthetic protein activity, indicating that ELL1 is involved in chloroplast development
    • Our findings revealed that ELL1 affects chloroplast development or function, and that loss of ELL1 function induces ROS accumulation and lesion formation in rice
    • Additionally, lesion initiation in the ell1 mutant was light dependent and temperature sensitive
    • RNA-seq analysis showed that genes related to oxygen binding were differentially expressed in ell1 and wild-type plants; histochemical and paraffin sectioning results displayed that hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and callose accumulated in the ell1 leaves, and the cell structure around the lesion was severely damaged, which indicated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulated and cell death occurred in the mutant
    • TUNEL and comet experiments revealed that severe DNA degradation and abnormal PCD occurred in the mutant, which implied that excessive ROS accumulation may induce DNA damage and ROS-mediated cell death in the ell1 mutant
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