nitrogen leaf leaf senescence transcription factor early leaf senescence seedlings chloroplast senescence tillering xylem vascular bundle acetylcholinesterase shoot gravitropism gravitropic response stem root leaf development shoot resistance flower pollen panicle spikelet grain tiller anther sterility seedling seedling death domestication development awn grains per panicle grain number grain length mitochondria sheath submergence starch temperature ATPase alkaline tolerance defense oxidative stress map-based cloning alkaline stress seed drought salinity salt seed germination photosynthesis tolerance potassium cold tolerance oxidative growth cold stress abiotic stress ABA ethylene yield insect jasmonate grain yield brown planthopper defense response vegetative drought tolerance crown root development root development auxin cytokinin crown root elongation root elongation crown root initiation root initiation disease salicylic acid blast disease resistance salt tolerance salt stress stress magnaporthe oryzae cell death cytoplasm floral meristem spikelet meristem inflorescence reproductive culm stamen architecture inflorescence architecture spikelet number floral meristem iaa aluminum Al tolerance nucleus chloroplast developmental plumule Chl biosynthesis zinc palea gibberellin lemma biotic stress grain size cell division salinity stress homeostasis stomatal meiosis mitosis leaf shape ga cellulose cell wall dwarf cell elongation branching endosperm auxin transport biomass seed weight manganese cell cycle sterile floral organ phloem R protein breeding jasmonic jasmonic acid brassinosteroid BR height heading date Brassinosteroid plant height immunity innate immunity immune response Kinase protein kinase BR signaling lamina erect lodging lodging resistance transporter xoo ja root apical meristem blight cuticle flower development Gibberellin crown crown root plant development flowering time fertility GA chilling plasma membrane melatonin melatonin biosynthesis methyltransferase tapetum tapetal resistant meiotic lateral root adventitious root transcription regulator heterosis seed development sugar iron leaf erectness cell proliferation Brassinosteroid Signaling microspore male sterility anther development cutin BR catabolism lignin jasmonate response JA wounding internode length grain filling chalkiness strigolactone seed size panicle architecture grain weight organ size panicle size tiller number intercalary meristem shoot apical meristem shattering seed shattering lignin biosynthesis spikelet development Ubiquitin drought stress grain width floral organ number copper pollen development pollen wall reproductive growth drought resistance stomata drought sensitivity PCD phytohormone blast resistance sa SA pathogen chloroplast development primary root root hair starch biosynthesis GA biosynthetic JA biosynthesis pericarp ENDOSPERMLESS 1 syncytial endosperm development endosperm development water loss phosphate tryptophan aminotransferase small leaves large lamina joint angles IAA IAA biosynthesis auxin biosynthesis vascular development organ identity stroma nitrate axillary meristem spikelets per panicle auxin response GA inactivation submergence tolerance transcriptional regulator transcription activator abscisic acid transcriptional activator quality grain setting photoassimilate translocation ethylene response stress tolerance grain-filling adaptability Pi pi blast disease crossover silicon hybrid sterility arsenite HIGHER YIELD RICE chlorophyll biogenesis drought stress response stress response plant architecture lesion bacterial blight tiller angle receptor kinase vernalization reactive oxygen species lesion mimic defence defence response vesicular vesicular trafficking cellular proliferation phosphorus root architecture Pi homeostasis silicon transporter meiotic recombination root length root meristem adventitious root formation reproductive development node epidermis growth rate tiller bud outgrowth sucrose sucrose supply cytokinin response ubiquitin E3 ligase GA biosynthesis Pi uptake plant growth cadmium iron homeostasis blight disease amino acid transporter grain protein content nutritional quality grain protein glutelin prolamin globulin albumin gibberellin biosynthesis ABA biosynthesis ABA catabolism arsenic accumulation ABC transporter As transport pollen exine formation protein phosphatase actin protein helicase potassium uptake pyrophosphorylase phosphate transport phosphate signaling Pi signaling root system architecture lamina joint aluminium angle of the lamina joint broad-spectrum disease resistance boron calcium aluminum tolerance tapetal programmed cell death peptidoglycan and chitin signaling chitin signaling peptidoglycan signaling chitin elicitor signaling pathway immunity signalling symbiosis RSV rice stripe virus histone trimethylation dormancy JA receptor fungal blast ent-CDP synthase biosynthesis of phytoalexins GA deficiency ethylene production phosphate starvation signaling phosphate starvation sucrose transporter glucanase methyl jasmonate silicon-dependent strengthening of rice cell wall floral meristem determinacy plant stature abscisic acid biosynthesis disease development magnesium brassinosteroid phytohormone pathway leaf rolling steles xylem parenchyma Salt Sensitivity tetrapyrrole biosynthesis homeobox gene heat tolerance root meristem size double ovules ovule developmental abnormality megagametophyte empty-glume identity floral organ number control female gametophyte development JA signalling repressor phosphate homeostasis aminobutyric acid transaminase nitrate transporter root number lateral root number lateral root length pathogen resistance NO3- transporter GA deactivation rachillae wounding response pollen hydration N-glycan formation auxin-mediated root development biomass production BR homeostasis Holliday junctions metallolthionein phosphate acquisition MYB transcriptional activator JA signalling boric acid boron distribution exodermal cells phosphate starvation response shoot architecture aluminium internalization aquaporin water channel drought and oxidative stress telomere lengthening stamen number stigma number homologous chromosome pairing grain quality sulphotransferase bidirectional helicase vacuolar morphology telomere repeat-binding factor pollen wall morphogenesis root epidermal cells Zn distribution shoot meristem bacteria blight disease prostrate root thickness plant defense signaling super apical dormant abscission-zone development ethylene homeostasis