nitrogen leaf leaf senescence transcription factor early leaf senescence seedlings chloroplast senescence tillering xylem vascular bundle acetylcholinesterase shoot gravitropism gravitropic response stem root leaf development shoot temperature auxin resistance antiviral immunity development plant development fertility flower pollen panicle spikelet grain tiller anther sterility seedling seedling death domestication awn grains per panicle grain number grain length mitochondria sheath submergence jasmonate disease disease resistance ja blight JA bacterial blight starch quality ATPase alkaline tolerance defense oxidative stress map-based cloning alkaline stress seed drought salinity salt seed germination photosynthesis tolerance potassium cold tolerance oxidative growth cold stress abiotic stress ABA ethylene yield insect grain yield brown planthopper defense response vegetative drought tolerance crown root development root development cytokinin crown root elongation root elongation crown root initiation root initiation salicylic acid blast salt tolerance salt stress stress magnaporthe oryzae cell death cytoplasm floral meristem spikelet meristem inflorescence reproductive culm stamen architecture inflorescence architecture spikelet number floral meristem panicle size iaa homeostasis transporter breeding ABC transporter metal transport aluminum Al tolerance nucleus chloroplast developmental plumule Chl biosynthesis zinc palea gibberellin lemma biotic stress grain filling grain size cell division auxin response plant growth salinity stress stomatal meiosis mitosis leaf shape ga cellulose cell wall dwarf cell elongation leaf color branching endosperm boron-toxicity tolerance auxin transport biomass seed weight cytokinin transport manganese cell cycle sterile floral organ phloem R protein jasmonic jasmonic acid brassinosteroid BR height heading date Brassinosteroid plant height immunity innate immunity immune response blast resistance signal transduction Kinase protein kinase broad-spectrum disease resistance seed size growth rate BR signaling lamina erect chloroplast development sugar glycosylation lodging lodging resistance abscisic acid xoo cadmium cadmium accumulation osmotic tolerance root apical meristem chilling calcium cold chilling stress cuticle flower development ovule reproductive development male reproductive development DNA repair Gibberellin crown crown root flowering time GA anther development transcriptional regulator plasma membrane melatonin melatonin biosynthesis methyltransferase flavonoid pericarp tapetum tapetal resistant meiotic lateral root adventitious root transcription regulator heterosis seed development iron shoot apical meristem mycorrhizal symbiosis leaf erectness cell proliferation Brassinosteroid Signaling microspore male sterility cutin BR catabolism lignin jasmonate response wounding internode length chalkiness strigolactone panicle architecture grain weight organ size tiller number intercalary meristem grain width receptor kinase shattering seed shattering lignin biosynthesis spikelet development Ubiquitin drought stress tapetum degeneration kinase panicle length floral organ number copper reactive oxygen species pollen development pollen wall root growth reproductive growth endosperm development sucrose grain quality drought resistance stomata drought sensitivity PCD phytohormone sa SA pathogen primary root root hair starch biosynthesis GA biosynthetic stress tolerance JA biosynthesis ENDOSPERMLESS 1 syncytial endosperm development water loss phosphate tryptophan aminotransferase small leaves large lamina joint angles IAA IAA biosynthesis auxin biosynthesis vascular development organ identity stroma nitrate axillary meristem spikelets per panicle photosystem GA inactivation grain-filling phosphatase submergence tolerance grain growth seed growth Fe transcription activator stress response transcriptional activator glucosyltransferase grain setting photoassimilate translocation ethylene response grain protein content grain protein Pi pi biomass production blast disease callus crossover silicon redox homeostasis hybrid sterility arsenite plant architecture HIGHER YIELD RICE flowering drought stress response lesion defence defence response methyl jasmonate seedling growth seed length tiller angle vernalization lesion mimic translation elongation factor epidermal cell morphogenesis vesicular vesicular trafficking phosphorus root architecture Pi homeostasis Pi signaling silicon transporter meiotic recombination root length root meristem adventitious root formation node shoot architecture epidermis tiller bud outgrowth sucrose supply cytokinin response ubiquitin E3 ligase GA biosynthesis Pi uptake dormancy ER stress insect resistance heat stress Heat Stress Heat Stress Response iron homeostasis blight disease amino acid transporter nutritional quality glutelin prolamin globulin albumin gibberellin biosynthesis ABA biosynthesis ABA catabolism arsenic accumulation As transport pollen exine formation protein phosphatase actin protein tapetal programmed cell death helicase potassium uptake grain shape programmed cell death fungal blast dehydrogenase 6mA demethylation demethylation osmotic stress pyrophosphorylase phosphate transport phosphate signaling root system architecture lamina joint homologous recombination aluminium heat tolerance angle of the lamina joint boron transporter boron uptake xylem parenchyma boron prostrate endoplasmic reticulum stress response internode elongation adaptability endosperm cellularization amylose content phytoalexin production aluminum tolerance fatty acid biosynthesis RSV rice stripe virus histone trimethylation JA receptor ent-CDP synthase biosynthesis of phytoalexins GA deficiency ethylene production stamen number phosphate starvation signaling phosphate starvation chlorophyll content antimicrobial activity sucrose transporter seed dormancy bacterial blight disease bacterial disease JA signaling glucanase silicon-dependent strengthening of rice cell wall floral meristem determinacy plant stature abscisic acid biosynthesis ER quality control carpel differentiation stoma differentiation cell fate transition stomatal development disease development fragile shoot drooping shoot leaf angle magnesium brassinosteroid phytohormone pathway leaf rolling steles Salt Sensitivity tetrapyrrole biosynthesis Fe efficiency Fe accumulation homeobox gene root number root meristem size double ovules developmental abnormality megagametophyte empty-glume identity floral organ number control female gametophyte development stem strength JA signalling repressor phosphate homeostasis aminobutyric acid transaminase ovule identity nitrate transporter lateral root number lateral root length pathogen resistance NO3- transporter GA deactivation stigma length rachillae wounding response pollen hydration N-glycan formation auxin-mediated root development BR homeostasis Holliday junctions seed filling metallolthionein Zn distribution DNA damaging phosphate acquisition MYB transcriptional activator JA signalling boric acid boron distribution exodermal cells phosphate starvation response transcription suppressor secondary cell wall pollen coat formation aluminium internalization aquaporin water channel sucrose translocation cuticular wax biosynthesis wax biosynthesis drought and oxidative stress telomere lengthening stigma number homologous chromosome pairing symbiosis peptidoglycan and chitin signaling chitin signaling peptidoglycan signaling bioethanol bioethanol production sulphotransferase cadmium tolerance chlorophyll biogenesis callus browning bidirectional helicase style length vacuolar morphology herbicide resistance telomere repeat-binding factor pollen wall morphogenesis glycosyltransferase flavonoid metabolism flavone cuticular wax formation root epidermal cells shoot meristem cuticle formation bacteria blight disease reticulum stress response root thickness cellular proliferation plant defense signaling super apical dormant abscission-zone development ethylene homeostasis strigolactone biosynthesis